Teaching fractions in First Grade might sound a little intimidating! The truth is, children are primed and ready for fractions. How did we do that?That’s right…SHARING. Upon becoming a toddler, we introduced the concept of sharing. I remember fondly how my own kids did NOT TAKE KINDLY to the concept!
If there’s only one ice cream sandwich left but there are two children, clearly you choose your favorite child to get the ice cream and move on with the day. Oh, those self-centered toddler minds!
But, really, there isn’t a child out there that can’t relate to having to share something at one time or another. Whether it’s a toy, a snack, or even a person, they already have a good understanding of the concept.
Enter 1st grade math! Teachers, they are ready. All you have to do is draw upon some of that background knowledge and tie it into new math terminology, like dividing into equal parts, unequal parts, halves, fourths, numerator, denominator, and so on.
The First Grade Fractions Matching Activity is ready-made first grade fraction practice!
Designed for Google Slides or Seesaw, your Firsties will dive headfirst into fractional parts by recognizing and naming fractions.
Each slide contains one fraction written with numerals. Then, there are three circles divided into halves, thirds, fourths, fifths or sixths. Students must choose the correct representation of the fraction and drag it into the box.
First grade skills covered include identifying and naming written fractions, and recognizing visual representations of fractions.
First Grade math skills cover a wide range of common core strands. Students are really just expanding knowledge and skills formed in Pre-K and Kindergarten.
Keep in mind that First Grade math fractions are for exploration, not mastery. Lesson plans should continue to include a variety of hands on practice, math centers, printable worksheets, and games.
First, let children explore fractions by building them and naming them. For example, build a train that is five cubes long, using only two different colors.
Then, show students how you write a fraction by first counting all of the cubes and writing the number on the bottom (denominator), then count only one of the colors and write that number on the top (numerator).
Give children lots of guided practice as they create and you write the numerals. As understandings grow, encourage students to write their own fractions.
Vary the fraction learning experiences by providing pictures of shapes that are divided into fractional parts.
Ask students to count the total number or parts (denominator) and only the shaded parts (numerator) to identify the fraction.
Continued exposure to fractions and the math vocabulary that goes along with it will just keep adding to that strong mathematical foundation we try to instill in primary learners.
How To Use First Grade Fractions Matching Activity
Click on the link below. Then, choose which version you want: Google Slides or Seesaw. When you clink on the link, it will open the fractions activity in the appropriate app and you’re good to go.
After clicking on the Slides link, click the blue button that says, “Make a Copy.” This ensures that you have your own copy of the slideshow.
In Slides, make sure you are in “Edit” mode, as opposed to “Present” mode. You will see the “Present” button in the upper right hand corner-DON’T click!
In Slides, just click on the circle to highlight the box in blue and drag it when the cursor resembles a plus sign with an arrow on each end.
In Seesaw, use the Text tool (click on the large T) to be able to highlight each number to move it.
How to Differentiate the Activity
Teaching First Grade math fractions should be exploratory. Although math worksheets are a great way to practice and also check for understanding, remember that first graders still need many opportunities to engage in tactile learning activities.
Adapt or extend the First Grade Fractions Matching Activity:
- Print the slides (color or black and white) and turn it into a cut and paste activity where students cut the appropriate circle and glue into the box.
- Build each fraction with math manipulates like colored cubes, bears, or counters.
- Create/find more fractions worksheets where students must color simple fractional parts.
- Practice fractions by building two different fractions and then comparing to determine which one is bigger/smaller, or perhaps they are equal shares.
- Break out the play-dough to create shapes and divide them into equal parts.
- Use food like pizza, pie, cookies, graham crackers. Hmmm…I have 24 students but I only have 12 graham crackers. What should we do?!